About the Authors

Gretja Schnell

Address Current address: Department of Immunology, University of Washington, School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Sarah Joseph

Affiliation Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Serena Spudich

Address Current address: Department of Neurology, Yale University, School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Affiliation Department of Neurology, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Richard W. Price

Affiliation Department of Neurology, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Ronald Swanstrom

risunc@med.unc.edu

Affiliations Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America, Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America, UNC Center for AIDS Research, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: GS SJ SS RWP RS. Performed the experiments: GS. Analyzed the data: GS RS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SS RWP RS. Wrote the paper: GS RS. Established the 293-Affinofile cell line in the laboratory: SJ. Analyzed the cellular surface expression of CD4 and CCR5: SJ. Designed the human study protocols: SS RWP.