About the Authors

Kristen M. Skillman

Contributed equally to the experimental studies.

Affiliation Department of Molecular Microbiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri

Karthikeyan Diraviyam

Contributed equally to the experimental studies.

Affiliation Department of Biomedical Engineering and Center for Computational Medicine and Bioinformatics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan

Asis Khan

Affiliation Department of Molecular Microbiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri

Keliang Tang

Affiliation Department of Molecular Microbiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri

David Sept

‡ Contributed equally to the supervision of the studies.

Affiliation Department of Biomedical Engineering and Center for Computational Medicine and Bioinformatics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan

L. David Sibley

sibley@borcim.wustl.edu

‡ Contributed equally to the supervision of the studies.

Affiliation Department of Molecular Microbiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KMS KD KT DS LDS. Performed the experiments: KMS KD KT. Analyzed the data: KMS KD AK DS LDS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AK KT. Wrote the paper: KMS KD DS LDS.