About the Authors

Leonie Unterholzner

Contributed equally to this work with: Leonie Unterholzner, Rebecca P. Sumner

Affiliation School of Biochemistry and Immunology, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland

Rebecca P. Sumner

Contributed equally to this work with: Leonie Unterholzner, Rebecca P. Sumner

Affiliation Department of Virology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary's Campus, London, United Kingdom

Marcin Baran

MB and HR also contributed equally to this work. GLS and AGB are joint senior authors on this work.

Affiliation School of Biochemistry and Immunology, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland

Hongwei Ren

MB and HR also contributed equally to this work. GLS and AGB are joint senior authors on this work.

Affiliation Department of Virology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary's Campus, London, United Kingdom

Daniel S. Mansur

Affiliation Department of Virology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary's Campus, London, United Kingdom

Nollaig M. Bourke

Affiliation School of Biochemistry and Immunology, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland

Felix Randow

Affiliation Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Geoffrey L. Smith

MB and HR also contributed equally to this work. GLS and AGB are joint senior authors on this work.

Affiliation Department of Virology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary's Campus, London, United Kingdom

Andrew G. Bowie

agbowie@tcd.ie

MB and HR also contributed equally to this work. GLS and AGB are joint senior authors on this work.

Affiliation School of Biochemistry and Immunology, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: LU RPS MB HR DSM GLS AGB. Performed the experiments: LU MB NMB RPS HR DSM. Analyzed the data: LU MB AGB RPS HR DSM GLS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: FR. Wrote the paper: LU RPS GLS AGB. Conceived the study: LU GLS AGB.