About the Authors

Phan Thi Nga, Nguyen Thanh Thuy
Department of Virology, National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam

Maria del Carmen Parquet, Manmohan Parida, Takeshi Nabeshima, Fuxun Yu, Shingo Inoue, Kenta Okamoto, Kouichi Morita
Department of Virology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Global COE Program, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan

Chris Lauber, Eric J. Snijder, Alexander E. Gorbalenya
Molecular Virology Laboratory, Department of Medical Microbiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands

Takashi Ito
Department of Biochemistry, Graduate School of Medical Science, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan

Akitoyo Ichinose
Central Laboratory, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KM. Performed the experiments: PTN MdCP MP TN FY NTT SI TI KO AI . Analyzed the data: MdCP EJS KM AEG. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AEG. Wrote the paper: CL MdCP KM EJS AEG. Conceived and designed computational research: AEG CL. Conducted computational research: CL. Analyzed the computational data: CL AEG.