About the Authors

Mirco Schmolke

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America

Balaji Manicassamy

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America

Lindomar Pena

Affiliation Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America

Troy Sutton

Affiliation Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America

Rong Hai

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America

Zsuzsanna T. Varga

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America

Benjamin G. Hale

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America

John Steel

Affiliations Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, Emory University, Rollins Research Center, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Daniel R. Pérez

Affiliation Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America

Adolfo García-Sastre

adolfo.garcia-sastre@mssm.edu

Affiliations Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America, Institute of Global Health and Emerging Pathogens, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America, Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MS BM LP DRP AGS. Performed the experiments: MS BM LP TS RH BGH ZTV JS. Analyzed the data: MS LP DRP AGS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MS LP ZTV JS. Wrote the paper: MS BM LP RH ZTV BGH JS DRP AGS.