About the Authors

Elena Martinelli

emartinelli@popcouncil.org (EM); mrobbiani@popcouncil.org (MR)

Affiliation Center for Biomedical Research, Population Council, New York, New York, United States of America

Hugo Tharinger

Affiliation Center for Biomedical Research, Population Council, New York, New York, United States of America

Ines Frank

Affiliation Center for Biomedical Research, Population Council, New York, New York, United States of America

James Arthos

Affiliation Laboratory of Immunoregulation, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Michael Piatak Jr.

Affiliation AIDS and Cancer Virus Program, SAIC-Frederick, Inc., National Cancer Institute, Frederick, Maryland, Unites States of America

Jeffrey D. Lifson

Affiliation AIDS and Cancer Virus Program, SAIC-Frederick, Inc., National Cancer Institute, Frederick, Maryland, Unites States of America

James Blanchard

Affiliation Tulane National Primate Research Center, Tulane University Health Sciences Center, Covington, Louisiana, United States of America

Agegnehu Gettie

Affiliation Aaron Diamond AIDS Research Center, Rockefeller University, New York, New York, Unites States of America

Melissa Robbiani

emartinelli@popcouncil.org (EM); mrobbiani@popcouncil.org (MR)

Affiliation Center for Biomedical Research, Population Council, New York, New York, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: EM MR. Performed the experiments: EM HT IF. Analyzed the data: EM MR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MPJ JDL JB AG JA. Wrote the paper: EM MR. Contributed to the discussion: JA.