About the Authors

Read Pukkila-Worley

Affiliations Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Molecular Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Frederick M. Ausubel

Contributed equally to this work with: Frederick M. Ausubel, Eleftherios Mylonakis

ausubel@molbio.mgh.harvard.edu (FMA); emylonakis@partners.org (EM)

Affiliations Department of Molecular Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Eleftherios Mylonakis

Contributed equally to this work with: Frederick M. Ausubel, Eleftherios Mylonakis

ausubel@molbio.mgh.harvard.edu (FMA); emylonakis@partners.org (EM)

Affiliations Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Competing Interests

RPW has served as a consultant for Optimer Pharmaceuticals, Inc. EM has received research support from and served on an advisory board for Astellas Pharamceuticals, Inc. The authors report no other potential conflicts of interest.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: RPW FMA EM. Performed the experiments: RPW. Analyzed the data: RPW. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: RPW. Wrote the paper: RPW FMA EM.