About the Authors

Jayna Raghwani

Affiliation University of Edinburgh, Institute of Evolutionary Biology, Ashworth Laboratories, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Andrew Rambaut

Affiliations University of Edinburgh, Institute of Evolutionary Biology, Ashworth Laboratories, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Edward C. Holmes

Affiliations Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America, Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, Department of Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Vu Ty Hang

Affiliation Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam

Tran Tinh Hien

Affiliation Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam

Jeremy Farrar

Affiliations Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam, Centre for Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Bridget Wills

Affiliations Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam, Centre for Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Niall J. Lennon

Affiliation Broad Institute of MIT & Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Bruce W. Birren

Affiliation Broad Institute of MIT & Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Matthew R. Henn

Affiliation Broad Institute of MIT & Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Cameron P. Simmons

csimmons@oucru.org

Affiliations Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CPS ECH AR. Performed the experiments: VTH TTH JF BW NJL BWB MRH CPS. Analyzed the data: JR. Wrote the paper: JR ECH CPS AR. Virus and geospatial data collection: VTH TTH JF BW BWB CPS.