About the Authors

Anne Frentzen

Affiliation Division of Experimental Virology, TWINCORE, Centre for Experimental and Clinical Infection Research; a joint venture between the Medical School Hannover (MHH) and the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research (HZI), Hannover, Germany

Kathrin Hüging

Affiliation Division of Experimental Virology, TWINCORE, Centre for Experimental and Clinical Infection Research; a joint venture between the Medical School Hannover (MHH) and the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research (HZI), Hannover, Germany

Julia Bitzegeio

Affiliation Division of Experimental Virology, TWINCORE, Centre for Experimental and Clinical Infection Research; a joint venture between the Medical School Hannover (MHH) and the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research (HZI), Hannover, Germany

Martina Friesland

Affiliation Division of Experimental Virology, TWINCORE, Centre for Experimental and Clinical Infection Research; a joint venture between the Medical School Hannover (MHH) and the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research (HZI), Hannover, Germany

Sibylle Haid

Affiliation Division of Experimental Virology, TWINCORE, Centre for Experimental and Clinical Infection Research; a joint venture between the Medical School Hannover (MHH) and the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research (HZI), Hannover, Germany

Juliane Gentzsch

Affiliation Division of Experimental Virology, TWINCORE, Centre for Experimental and Clinical Infection Research; a joint venture between the Medical School Hannover (MHH) and the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research (HZI), Hannover, Germany

Markus Hoffmann

Affiliation Institute of Virology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Hannover, Germany

Dirk Lindemann

Affiliation Institute of Virology, Carl Gustav Carus Medical Facility, Technical University Dresden, Dresden, Germany

Gert Zimmer

Affiliation Institute of Virology and Immunoprophylaxis (IVI), Mittelhäusern, Switzerland

Florian Zielecki

Affiliation Institute of Virology, Philipps University Marburg, Marburg, Germany

Friedemann Weber

Affiliation Institute of Virology, Philipps University Marburg, Marburg, Germany

Eike Steinmann

Contributed equally to this work with: Eike Steinmann, Thomas Pietschmann

thomas.pietschmann@twincore.de (TP); eike.steinmann@twincore.de (ES)

Affiliation Division of Experimental Virology, TWINCORE, Centre for Experimental and Clinical Infection Research; a joint venture between the Medical School Hannover (MHH) and the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research (HZI), Hannover, Germany

Thomas Pietschmann

Contributed equally to this work with: Eike Steinmann, Thomas Pietschmann

thomas.pietschmann@twincore.de (TP); eike.steinmann@twincore.de (ES)

Affiliation Division of Experimental Virology, TWINCORE, Centre for Experimental and Clinical Infection Research; a joint venture between the Medical School Hannover (MHH) and the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research (HZI), Hannover, Germany

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AF KH JB FW ES TP. Performed the experiments: AF KH MF SH FZ ES. Analyzed the data: AF KH JB JG FW ES TP. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MH DL GZ FW. Wrote the paper: AF ES TP. Editing of manuscript: KH JB MH DL GZ FW.