About the Authors

Shirin Munir

Affiliation Laboratory of Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Philippa Hillyer

Affiliation Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, US Food and Drug Administration, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Cyril Le Nouën

Affiliation Laboratory of Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Ursula J. Buchholz

Affiliation Laboratory of Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Ronald L. Rabin

Affiliation Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, US Food and Drug Administration, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Peter L. Collins

Affiliation Laboratory of Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Alexander Bukreyev

alexander.bukreyev@utmb.edu

Address Current address: Galveston National Laboratory, Center for Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, United States of America

Affiliation Laboratory of Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SM PLC AB. Performed the experiments: SM. Analyzed the data: SM PH CLN UJB RLR PLC AB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: PH RLR PLC. Wrote the paper: SM PLC AB. Contributed critically to this work; developed the co-culture protocol, designed flow cytometry panels, optimized the polychromatic flow cytometry staining panels and participated critically in data analysis by designing initial gating strategy, ensuring proper fluorochrome compensation and providing guidance on FlowJo and SPICE analyses: PH.