About the Authors

Sang-Uk Seo

Affiliation Mucosal Immunology Section, International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, South Korea

Hyung-Joon Kwon

Affiliation Mucosal Immunology Section, International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, South Korea

Hyun-Jeong Ko

Affiliations Mucosal Immunology Section, International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, South Korea, Laboratory of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Pharmacy, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, South Korea

Young-Ho Byun

Affiliation Department of Biotechnology, College of Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea

Baik Lin Seong

Affiliation Department of Biotechnology, College of Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea

Satoshi Uematsu

Affiliation Laboratory of Host Defense, World Premier International Immunology Frontier Research Center, and Department of Host Defense, Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan

Shizuo Akira

Affiliation Laboratory of Host Defense, World Premier International Immunology Frontier Research Center, and Department of Host Defense, Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan

Mi-Na Kweon

mnkweon@ivi.int

Affiliation Mucosal Immunology Section, International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, South Korea

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: S-U. Seo, M-N. Kweon. Performed the experiments: S-U. Seo, H-J Kwon, H-J. Ko, Y-H. Byun. Analyzed the data: S-U. Seo, H-J. Ko, B-L. Seong, S. Uematsu, S. Akira, M-N. Kweon. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: B-L. Seong, S. Uematsu, S. Akira. Wrote the paper: S-U. Seo, M-N. Kweon.