About the Authors

Kathrin Endt, Bärbel Stecher, Andreas J. Mueller, Wolf-Dietrich Hardt
Institute of Microbiology, ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland

Samuel Chaffron, Christian von Mering
Institute of Molecular Biology and Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland

Emma Slack, Andrew J. Macpherson
Gastroenterology Inselspital, Department Klinische Forschung, Bern, Switzerland

Nicolas Tchitchek, Arndt Benecke
Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques & CNRS USR3078, Bures sur Yvette, France

Laurye Van Maele, Jean-Claude Sirard
Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, U801; Institut Pasteur de Lille; Univ. Lille Nord de France, UDSL, Lille, France

Mathias Heikenwalder
Institute of Neuropathology, University Hospital of Zurich, Zürich, Switzerland

Richard Strugnell
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia

Corresponding Author

hardt@micro.biol.ethz.ch

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KE BS WDH. Performed the experiments: KE BS. Analyzed the data: KE BS SC ES NT AB LVM JCS AJM MH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: ES AB JCS AJM RS CvM. Wrote the paper: BS WDH.