About the Authors

Gülşen Özkaya Şahin, Enas Sheik-Khalil, Eva Maria Fenyö
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

Emma J. Bowles, Joe Parker, Guillaume B. E. Stewart-Jones
Human Immunology Unit, Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom

Hannes Uchtenhagen, Barbro Mäkitalo, Lilian Walther-Jallow, Adnane Achour, Anna-Lena Spetz
Center for Infectious Medicine, Department of Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

Stephen Taylor
Computational Biology Research Group, Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom

Oliver G. Pybus
Department of Zoology, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom

Mats Spångberg, Rigmor Thorstensson
Swedish Institute for Infectious Disease Control, Stockholm, Sweden

Corresponding Author

anna-lena.spetz@ki.se

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: GOS EJB JP HU OGP RT AA EMF GBESJ ALS. Performed the experiments: GOS EJB JP HU ESK MS. Analyzed the data: GOS EJB JP HU ESK ST BM LWJ RT EMF ALS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: ST BM LWJ. Wrote the paper: GOS EJB JP HU AA EMF GBESJ ALS.