About the Authors

Marina Aspholm

Co-first authors, contributed equally to this work.

Affiliations Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway, Centre for Molecular Biology and Neuroscience, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

Finn Erik Aas

Co-first authors, contributed equally to this work.

Affiliations Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway, Centre for Molecular Biology and Neuroscience, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

Odile B. Harrison

Affiliation Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Diana Quinn

Affiliation Department of Biology (Area 10), University of York, Heslington, York, United Kingdom

Åshild Vik

Affiliations Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway, Centre for Molecular Biology and Neuroscience, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

Raimonda Viburiene

Affiliations Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway, Centre for Molecular Biology and Neuroscience, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

Tone Tønjum

Affiliations Centre for Molecular Biology and Neuroscience, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway, Institute of Microbiology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

James Moir

Affiliation Department of Biology (Area 10), University of York, Heslington, York, United Kingdom

Martin C. J. Maiden

Affiliation Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Michael Koomey

j.m.koomey@imbv.uio.no

Affiliations Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway, Centre for Molecular Biology and Neuroscience, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MA FEA OBH JM MCJM MK. Performed the experiments: MA FEA OBH DQ RV. Analyzed the data: MA FEA OBH DQ RV JM MCJM MK. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: ÅV TT JM MCJM MK. Wrote the paper: MA FEA OBH TT JM MCJM MK.