About the Authors

Li Xu

Contributed equally to this work with: Li Xu, Xihui Shen

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of America

Xihui Shen

Contributed equally to this work with: Li Xu, Xihui Shen

Address Current address: Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of America

Andrew Bryan

Affiliation Department of Microbiology & Immunology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

Simran Banga

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of America

Michele S. Swanson

Affiliation Department of Microbiology & Immunology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

Zhao-Qing Luo

luoz@purdue.edu

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: LX XS AB ZQL. Performed the experiments: LX XS AB SB. Analyzed the data: LX XS AB SB MSS ZQL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MSS. Wrote the paper: ZQL.