About the Authors

Tadaki Suzuki, Yasuko Orba, Takashi Kimura, Hirofumi Sawa
Department of Molecular Pathobiology, Hokkaido University Research Center for Zoonosis Control, Sapporo, Japan

Yasuko Orba, Hirofumi Sawa
Global COE Program for Zoonosis Control, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan

Yuki Okada
Career-Path Promotion Unit for Young Life Scientists, ICDO, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan

Yuji Sunden
Laboratory of Comparative Pathology, Hokkaido University School of Veterinary Medicine, Sapporo, Japan

Shinya Tanaka, Kazuo Nagashima
Laboratory of Cancer Research, Department of Pathology, Hokkaido University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan

William W. Hall
Centre for Research in Infectious Diseases, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland

Corresponding Author

h-sawa@czc.hokudai.ac.jp

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: T. Suzuki, Y. Orba, Y. Okada, T. Kimura, S. Tanaka, K. Nagashima, W. Hall, H. Sawa. Performed the experiments: T. Suzuki, Y. Orba, Y. Okada, Y. Sunden. Analyzed the data: T. Suzuki, Y. Orba, Y. Okada, Y. Sunden. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: T. Suzuki, H. Sawa. Wrote the paper: T. Suzuki, H. Sawa.