About the Authors

Tadaki Suzuki

Address Current address: Department of Pathology, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Musashimurayama, Tokyo, Japan

Affiliation Department of Molecular Pathobiology, Hokkaido University Research Center for Zoonosis Control, Sapporo, Japan

Yasuko Orba

Affiliations Department of Molecular Pathobiology, Hokkaido University Research Center for Zoonosis Control, Sapporo, Japan, Global COE Program for Zoonosis Control, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan

Yuki Okada

Affiliation Career-Path Promotion Unit for Young Life Scientists, ICDO, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan

Yuji Sunden

Affiliation Laboratory of Comparative Pathology, Hokkaido University School of Veterinary Medicine, Sapporo, Japan

Takashi Kimura

Affiliation Department of Molecular Pathobiology, Hokkaido University Research Center for Zoonosis Control, Sapporo, Japan

Shinya Tanaka

Affiliation Laboratory of Cancer Research, Department of Pathology, Hokkaido University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan

Kazuo Nagashima

Affiliation Laboratory of Cancer Research, Department of Pathology, Hokkaido University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan

William W. Hall

Affiliation Centre for Research in Infectious Diseases, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland

Hirofumi Sawa

h-sawa@czc.hokudai.ac.jp

Affiliations Department of Molecular Pathobiology, Hokkaido University Research Center for Zoonosis Control, Sapporo, Japan, Global COE Program for Zoonosis Control, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: T. Suzuki, Y. Orba, Y. Okada, T. Kimura, S. Tanaka, K. Nagashima, W. Hall, H. Sawa. Performed the experiments: T. Suzuki, Y. Orba, Y. Okada, Y. Sunden. Analyzed the data: T. Suzuki, Y. Orba, Y. Okada, Y. Sunden. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: T. Suzuki, H. Sawa. Wrote the paper: T. Suzuki, H. Sawa.