About the Authors

Maki Kiso, Yoshihiro Kawaoka
Division of Virology, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, Shirokanedai, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan

Shuku Kubo, Makoto Yamashita
Biological Research Laboratories, Daiichi Sankyo Co. Ltd., Hiromachi, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo, Japan

Makoto Ozawa, Yoshihiro Kawaoka
International Research Center for Infectious Diseases, Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, Shirokanedai, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan

Makoto Ozawa, Yoshihiro Kawaoka
Department of Pathobiological Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

Quynh Mai Le
National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam

Chairul A. Nidom
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Tropical Disease Centre, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia

Yoshihiro Kawaoka
ERATO Infection-Induced Host Responses Project, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Saitama, Japan

Yoshihiro Kawaoka
International Center for Medical Research and Treatment, Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe University, Chuo-ku, Hyogo, Japan

Corresponding Author

kawaoka@ims.u-tokyo.ac.jp

Competing Interests

YK has received speaker's honoraria from Chugai Pharmaceuticals, Novartis, Diichi-Sankyo, Toyama Chemical, Wyeth, and GlaxoSmithKline; grant support from Chugai Pharmaceuticals, Daiichi Sankyo Pharmaceutical, and Toyama Chemical; and is a founder of FluGen.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MK MY YK. Performed the experiments: MK SK MO MY. Analyzed the data: MK SK MO MY YK. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: QML CAN. Wrote the paper: MK SK MO MY YK.