About the Authors

Bärbel Stecher, Rina Käppeli, Susanne Freedrich, Thomas C. Weber, Wolf-Dietrich Hardt
Institute of Microbiology, ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland

Samuel Chaffron, Christian von Mering
Institute of Molecular Biology and Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland

Siegfried Hapfelmeier, Jorum Kirundi, Andrew J. Macpherson
Gastroenterology Inselspital, Department Klinische Forschung, Bern, Switzerland

Siegfried Hapfelmeier, Jorum Kirundi, Kathy D. McCoy, Andrew J. Macpherson
Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Mrutyunjay Suar
School of Biotechnology, KIIT University, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India

Corresponding Author

stecher@micro.biol.ethz.ch

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: BS SC RK CvM AJM WDH. Performed the experiments: BS SC RK SH MS. Analyzed the data: BS SC RK. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SF TCW JK KDM AJM. Wrote the paper: BS SC WDH. Applied for funding: BS CvM AJM WDH.