About the Authors

Yuwei Gao, Ying Zhang, Guohua Deng, Yongping Jiang, Zejun Li, Yuntao Guan, Guobin Tian, Yanbing Li, Jianzhong Shi, Liling Liu, Xianying Zeng, Zhigao Bu, Hualan Chen
Animal Influenza Laboratory of the Ministry of Agriculture and National Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biotechnology, Harbin Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Harbin, People's Republic of China

Yuwei Gao, Xianzhu Xia
The 11th Institute, Academy of Military Medical Sciences, Changchun, People's Republic of China

Kyoko Shinya, Yoshihiro Kawaoka
The International Center for Medical Research and Treatment, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan

Yoshihiro Kawaoka
Division of Virology, Department of Microbiology and Immunology; International Research Center for Infectious Diseases, Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

Yoshihiro Kawaoka
Department of Pathobiological Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: Z. Bu, H. Chen. Performed the experiments: Y. Gao, Y. Zhang, K. Shinya, G. Deng, Y. Jiang, Z. Li, Y. Guan, G. Tian, Y. Li, J. Shi, L. Liu, X. Zeng. Analyzed the data: Y. Gao, Y. Zhang, K. Shinya, Z. Bu, X. Xia, Y. Kawaoka, H. Chen. Wrote the paper: Y. Gao, Z. Bu, Y. Kawaoka, H. Chen.