About the Authors

Ilhem Messaoudi

messaoud@ohsu.edu (IM); nikolich@email.arizona.edu (JN-Z)

Affiliation Vaccine and Gene Therapy, Division of Pathobiology and Immunology, Oregon National Primate Research Center, Oregon Health and Sciences University, Beaverton, Oregon, United States of America

Alexander Barron

Affiliation Vaccine and Gene Therapy, Division of Pathobiology and Immunology, Oregon National Primate Research Center, Oregon Health and Sciences University, Beaverton, Oregon, United States of America

Mary Wellish

Affiliation Department of Neurology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, Colorado, United States of America

Flora Engelmann

Affiliation Vaccine and Gene Therapy, Division of Pathobiology and Immunology, Oregon National Primate Research Center, Oregon Health and Sciences University, Beaverton, Oregon, United States of America

Alfred Legasse

Affiliation Vaccine and Gene Therapy, Division of Pathobiology and Immunology, Oregon National Primate Research Center, Oregon Health and Sciences University, Beaverton, Oregon, United States of America

Shannon Planer

Affiliation Vaccine and Gene Therapy, Division of Pathobiology and Immunology, Oregon National Primate Research Center, Oregon Health and Sciences University, Beaverton, Oregon, United States of America

Don Gilden

Affiliations Department of Neurology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, Colorado, United States of America, Department of Microbiology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, Colorado, United States of America

Janko Nikolich-Zugich

messaoud@ohsu.edu (IM); nikolich@email.arizona.edu (JN-Z)

Affiliation Department of Immunobiology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States of America

Ravi Mahalingam

Affiliation Department of Neurology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, Colorado, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: IM. Performed the experiments: IM AB MW FE AL SP RM. Analyzed the data: IM AB MW FE RM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DG RM. Wrote the paper: IM DG RM. Conceived and designed preliminary experiments with Ilhem Messaoudi that led to the development of the current model: JNZ.