About the Authors

Christopher D. Intemann, Thorsten Thye, Rolf D. Horstmann, Christian G. Meyer
Department of Molecular Medicine, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany

Christopher D. Intemann, Thorsten Thye
Institute of Medical Biometry and Statistics, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany

Stefan Niemann, Sabine Rüsch-Gerdes
National Reference Center for Mycobacteria, Research Center Borstel, Borstel, Germany

Edmund N. L. Browne, Ellis Owusu-Dabo
Department of Community Health, College of Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana

Margaret Amanua Chinbuah, John Gyapong, Ivy Osei
Health Research Unit, Ghana Health Service, Accra, Ghana

Anthony Enimil
Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana

Anthony Enimil, Ellis Owusu-Dabo
Kumasi Centre for Collaborative Research in Tropical Medicine, Kumasi, Ghana

Susanne Helm
Department of Parasitology, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: TT ENLB MAC AE JOG IO EOD SRG RDH CGM. Performed the experiments: CDI TT SN SH. Analyzed the data: CDI TT SN CGM. Wrote the paper: CGM. Sample collection supervision Ghana: ENLB. Study design and phenotyping of patients and controls: ENLB MAC JOG IO EOD. Sample collection: MAC AE IO EOD. Sample collection supervision: JOG.