About the Authors

David T. Hughes

Affiliations Department of Microbiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, United States of America, Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, United States of America

Marcie B. Clarke

Affiliations Department of Microbiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, United States of America, Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, United States of America

Kaneyoshi Yamamoto

Affiliation Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Kinki University, Nakamachi, Nara, Japan

David A. Rasko

drasko@som.umaryland.edu (DAR); vanessa.sperandio@utsouthwestern.edu (VS)

Affiliations Department of Microbiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, United States of America, Institute for Genome Sciences & Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Vanessa Sperandio

drasko@som.umaryland.edu (DAR); vanessa.sperandio@utsouthwestern.edu (VS)

Affiliations Department of Microbiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, United States of America, Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DTH MBC DR VS. Performed the experiments: DTH MBC. Analyzed the data: DTH MBC DR VS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DTH KY DR VS. Wrote the paper: DTH DR VS.