About the Authors

Carl De Trez, Yves Carlier, Eric Muraille
Laboratoire de Parasitologie, Faculté de Médecine, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium

Stefan Magez
Department of Molecular and Cellular Interactions, Vlaams Interuniversitair Instituut voor Biotechnologie, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium

Shizuo Akira
Department of Host Defense, Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University Yamadaoka, Suita City, Osaka, Japan

Bernhard Ryffel
University of Orleans, Transgenose Institute, CNRS, UMR 6218, Orleans, France

Corresponding Author

emuraille@hotmail.com

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CDT EM. Performed the experiments: CDT EM. Analyzed the data: CDT EM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SM SA BR YC EM. Wrote the paper: CDT EM.