About the Authors

Daniel M. Weinberger

dweinber@fas.harvard.edu

Affiliation Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Krzysztof Trzciński

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Ying-Jie Lu

Affiliation Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Debby Bogaert

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Aaron Brandes

Affiliation Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

James Galagan

Affiliation Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Porter W. Anderson

Affiliation Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Richard Malley

Affiliation Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Marc Lipsitch

Affiliations Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DMW KT YJL DB PWA RM ML. Performed the experiments: DMW KT. Analyzed the data: DMW ML. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KT YJL DB AB JG. Wrote the paper: DMW RM ML.