About the Authors

Martin S. Llewellyn

martin.llewellyn@lshtm.ac.uk

Affiliation London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Michael A. Miles

Affiliation London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Hernan J. Carrasco

Affiliation Instituto de Medicina Tropical, Universidad Central de Venezuela, Los Chaguaramos, Caracas, Venezuela

Michael D. Lewis

Affiliation London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Matthew Yeo

Affiliation London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Jorge Vargas

Affiliation Centro Nacional de Enfermedades Tropicales, Santa Cruz, Bolivia

Faustino Torrico

Affiliation Universidad Mayor de San Simon, Cochabamba, Bolivia

Patricio Diosque

Affiliation Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Instituto de Patologia Experimental, Universidad Nacional de Salta, Salta, Argentina

Vera Valente

Affiliation Instituto Evandro Chagas, Rodovia, Belem, Para, Brazil

Sebastiao A. Valente

Affiliation Instituto Evandro Chagas, Rodovia, Belem, Para, Brazil

Michael W. Gaunt

Affiliation London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MSL MAM MWG. Performed the experiments: MSL HJC. Analyzed the data: MSL MDL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: HJC MDL MY JV FT PD VCV SAV. Wrote the paper: MSL MAM MDL MY.