About the Authors

Shufang Fan, Yuwei Gao, Yanbing Li, Jianzhong Shi, Yongping Jiang, Yongbing Suo, Tiegang Tong, Gongxun Zhong, Jiasheng Song, Ying Zhang, Guobin Tian, Yuntao Guan, Zhigao Bu, Hualan Chen
Animal Influenza Laboratory of the Ministry of Agriculture and National Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biotechnology, Harbin Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Harbin, People's Republic of China

Kyoko Shinya, Yoshihiro Kawaoka
The International Center for Medical Research and Treatment, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan

Chris Kafai Li, Xiao-Ning Xu
MRC Human Immunology Unit, The Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Oxford, United Kingdom

Yoshihiro Kawaoka
Division of Virology, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, and International Research Center for Infectious Diseases, Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

Yoshihiro Kawaoka
Department of Pathobiological Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: X. Xu, Z. Bu, Y. Kawaoka, H. Chen. Performed the experiments: S. Fan, Y. Gao, K. Shinya, C. Li, Y. Li, J. Shi, Y. Jiang, Y. Suo, T. Tong, G. Zhong, J. Song, Y. Zhang, G. Tian, Y. Gao. Analyzed the data: S. Fan, Y. Gao, K. Shinya, C. Li, X. Xu, Z. Bu, H. Chen. Wrote the paper: Y. Kawaoka, H. Chen.