About the Authors

John T. Pesce

Contributed equally to this work with: John T. Pesce, Thirumalai R. Ramalingam

Affiliation Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Thirumalai R. Ramalingam

Contributed equally to this work with: John T. Pesce, Thirumalai R. Ramalingam

Affiliation Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Margaret M. Mentink-Kane

Affiliation Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Mark S. Wilson

Affiliation Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Karim C. El Kasmi

Current address: University of Colorado and Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado, United States of America

Affiliation Departments of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America

Amber M. Smith

Affiliation Departments of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America

Robert W. Thompson

Affiliation Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Allen W. Cheever

Affiliation Biomedical Research Institute, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

Peter J. Murray

peter.murray@stjude.org (PJM); twynn@niaid.nih.gov (TAW)

Affiliation Departments of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America

Thomas A. Wynn

peter.murray@stjude.org (PJM); twynn@niaid.nih.gov (TAW)

Affiliation Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JTP TR KCEK AMS PJM TAW. Performed the experiments: JTP TR MMMK MSW RWT AWC. Analyzed the data: JTP TR KCEK AMS RWT AWC PJM TAW. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KCEK AMS PJM. Wrote the paper: JTP TR PJM TAW.