About the Authors

David Favre

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Division of Experimental Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Sharon Lederer

Contributed equally to this work with: Sharon Lederer, Bittoo Kanwar, Zhong-Min Ma

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Bittoo Kanwar

Contributed equally to this work with: Sharon Lederer, Bittoo Kanwar, Zhong-Min Ma

Affiliations Department of Medicine, Division of Experimental Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Zhong-Min Ma

Contributed equally to this work with: Sharon Lederer, Bittoo Kanwar, Zhong-Min Ma

Affiliation Center for Comparative Medicine, California National Primate Research Center, University of California, Davis, California, United States of America

Sean Proll

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Zeljka Kasakow

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Division of Experimental Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Jeff Mold

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Division of Experimental Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Louise Swainson

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Division of Experimental Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Jason D. Barbour

Affiliation Department of Medicine, HIV/AIDS Division, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Carole R. Baskin

Affiliations Department of Microbiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America, Washington National Primate Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Robert Palermo

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Ivona Pandrea

Affiliation Tulane National Primate Research Center, Covington, Louisiana, United States of America

Christopher J. Miller

Affiliation Center for Comparative Medicine, California National Primate Research Center, University of California, Davis, California, United States of America

Michael G. Katze

Affiliations Department of Microbiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America, Washington National Primate Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Joseph M. McCune

mike.mccune@ucsf.edu

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Division of Experimental Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DF JMM. Performed the experiments: DF SLL BK ZMM ZK. Analyzed the data: DF SLL ZMM SP JDB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DF BK JM LS CRB REP IP CJM MGK. Wrote the paper: DF JMM.