About the Authors

Joëlle Mounier, Jost Enninga, Philippe J. Sansonetti, Guy Tran Van Nhieu
Unité de Pathogénie Microbienne Moléculaire, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Joëlle Mounier, Jost Enninga, Philippe J. Sansonetti, Guy Tran Van Nhieu
Inserm U786, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Michel R. Popoff
Unité de Recherche et d'Expertise Bactéries anaérobies et Toxines, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Margaret C. Frame
Institute of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh Cancer Research Centre, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

gtranvan@pasteur.fr

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: GTVN. Performed the experiments: JM GTVN. Analyzed the data: JM MRP PJS GTVN. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MRP JE MCF GTVN. Wrote the paper: GTVN.