About the Authors

Timothy Sheahan, Ralph S. Baric, Mark T. Heise
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Timothy Sheahan, Ralph S. Baric
Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Thomas E. Morrison, Mark T. Heise
Department of Genetics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Thomas E. Morrison, Mark T. Heise
Carolina Vaccine Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

William Funkhouser
Department of Pathology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Satoshi Uematsu, Shizou Akira
WPI Immunology Frontier Research Center, Laboratory of Host Defense, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: TS TEM RSB MTH. Performed the experiments: TS TEM. Analyzed the data: TS TEM WF. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SU SA. Wrote the paper: TS TEM WF RSB MTH.