About the Authors

Eric J. Nelson

Affiliation Howard Hughes Medical Institute and the Department of Molecular Biology and Microbiology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Ashrafuzzaman Chowdhury

Affiliation Microbiology Department, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh

James Flynn

Affiliation Tufts Expression Array Core (TEAC) Facility, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Stefan Schild

Affiliation Institut fuer Molekulare Biowissenschaften, Karl-Franzens-Universitaet Graz, Graz, Austria

Lori Bourassa

Affiliation Howard Hughes Medical Institute and the Department of Molecular Biology and Microbiology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Yue Shao

Affiliation Tufts Expression Array Core (TEAC) Facility, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Regina C. LaRocque

Affiliation Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Stephen B. Calderwood

Affiliation Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Firdausi Qadri

Affiliation International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Andrew Camilli

andrew.camilli@tufts.edu

Affiliation Howard Hughes Medical Institute and the Department of Molecular Biology and Microbiology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: E. Nelson, J. Flynn, S. Schild, L. Bourassa, R. LaRocque, S. Calderwood, F. Qadri, A. Camilli. Performed the experiments: E. Nelson, A. Chowdhury, S. Schild, L. Bourassa, Y. Shao. Analyzed the data: E. Nelson, J. Flynn, A. Camilli. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: E. Nelson, J. Flynn, R. LaRocque, S. Calderwood, F. Qadri, A. Camilli. Wrote the paper: E. Nelson, A. Camilli.