About the Authors

Dhanasekaran Vijaykrishna

Affiliations State Key Laboratory of Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Microbiology, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Special Administrative Region, China, International Institute of Infection and Immunity, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, Guangdong, China

Justin Bahl

Affiliations State Key Laboratory of Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Microbiology, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Special Administrative Region, China, International Institute of Infection and Immunity, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, Guangdong, China

Steven Riley

Affiliation Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China

Lian Duan

Affiliations State Key Laboratory of Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Microbiology, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Special Administrative Region, China, International Institute of Infection and Immunity, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, Guangdong, China

Jin Xia Zhang

Affiliations State Key Laboratory of Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Microbiology, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Special Administrative Region, China, International Institute of Infection and Immunity, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, Guangdong, China

Honglin Chen

Affiliations State Key Laboratory of Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Microbiology, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Special Administrative Region, China, International Institute of Infection and Immunity, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, Guangdong, China

J. S. Malik Peiris

Affiliation State Key Laboratory of Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Microbiology, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Special Administrative Region, China

Gavin J. D. Smith

gjsmith@hku.hk (GJDS); yguan@hku.hk (YG)

Affiliations State Key Laboratory of Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Microbiology, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Special Administrative Region, China, International Institute of Infection and Immunity, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, Guangdong, China

Yi Guan

gjsmith@hku.hk (GJDS); yguan@hku.hk (YG)

Affiliations State Key Laboratory of Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Microbiology, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Special Administrative Region, China, International Institute of Infection and Immunity, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, Guangdong, China

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DV GJS YG. Performed the experiments: DV JB LD JXZ. Analyzed the data: DV JB LD YG. Wrote the paper: DV JB SR HC JSMP GJS YG.