About the Authors

Nicolas Gaidet

Contributed equally to this work with: Nicolas Gaidet, Giovanni Cattoli

nicolas.gaidet@cirad.fr

Affiliation Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement, Montpellier, France

Giovanni Cattoli

Contributed equally to this work with: Nicolas Gaidet, Giovanni Cattoli

Affiliation Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Legnaro, Italy

Saliha Hammoumi

Affiliation Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement, Montpellier, France

Scott H. Newman

Affiliation Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Animal Production and Health Division, Rome, Italy

Ward Hagemeijer

Affiliation Wetlands International, Wageningen, The Netherlands

John Y. Takekawa

Affiliation U.S. Geological Survey, Western Ecological Research Center, Vallejo California, United States of America

Julien Cappelle

Affiliation Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement, Montpellier, France

Tim Dodman

Affiliation Wetlands International, Wageningen, The Netherlands

Tony Joannis

Affiliation National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Nigeria

Patricia Gil

Affiliation Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement, Montpellier, France

Isabella Monne

Affiliation Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Legnaro, Italy

Alice Fusaro

Affiliation Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Legnaro, Italy

Ilaria Capua

Affiliation Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Legnaro, Italy

Shiiwuua Manu

Affiliation AP Leventis Ornithological Research Institute, Jos, Nigeria

Pierfrancesco Micheloni

Affiliation Istituto Nazionale per la Fauna Selvatica, Bologna, Italy

Ulf Ottosson

Affiliation Ottenby Bird Observatory, Kehlen, Luxembourg

John H. Mshelbwala

Affiliation Federal Department of Forestry, Abuja, Nigeria

Juan Lubroth

Affiliation Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Animal Production and Health Division, Rome, Italy

Joseph Domenech

Affiliation Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Animal Production and Health Division, Rome, Italy

François Monicat

Affiliation Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement, Montpellier, France

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: NG SHN WH TD JL JD FM. Performed the experiments: SH WH JYT TJ PG SM PM. Analyzed the data: NG GC JC IM AF. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: GC SH UO JHM. Wrote the paper: NG GC. Revised the article critically for important intellectual content: IC.