About the Authors

Anthony Siau

Affiliations INSERM, U511, Paris, France, Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, UMR S511 Paris, France

Olivier Silvie

Contributed equally to this work with: Olivier Silvie, Jean-François Franetich

These authors contributed equally to directing this work.

Affiliations INSERM, U511, Paris, France, Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, UMR S511 Paris, France

Jean-François Franetich

Contributed equally to this work with: Olivier Silvie, Jean-François Franetich

Affiliations INSERM, U511, Paris, France, Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, UMR S511 Paris, France

Samir Yalaoui

Affiliations INSERM, U511, Paris, France, Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, UMR S511 Paris, France

Carine Marinach

Affiliations INSERM, U511, Paris, France, Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, UMR S511 Paris, France

Laurent Hannoun

Affiliation Service de Chirurgie Digestive, Hépato-Bilio-Pancréatique et Transplantation Hépatique, Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France

Geert-Jaan van Gemert

Affiliation Department of Medical Microbiology, University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands

Adrian J. F. Luty

Affiliation Department of Medical Microbiology, University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands

Emmanuel Bischoff

Affiliation PF2-Genopole, Institut Pasteur, Paris France

Peter H. David

Affiliation Unité d'Immunologie Moléculaire des Parasites, CNRS URA 2581, Département de Parasitologie, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Georges Snounou

Affiliation Laboratoire de Parasitologie Comparée et Modèles Expérimentaux, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France

Catherine Vaquero

Affiliations INSERM, U511, Paris, France, Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, UMR S511 Paris, France

Patrick Froissard

Affiliations INSERM, U511, Paris, France, Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, UMR S511 Paris, France

Dominique Mazier

mazier@chups.jussieu.fr

Affiliations INSERM, U511, Paris, France, Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, UMR S511 Paris, France, AP-HP, Groupe hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière, Service Parasitologie-Mycologie, Paris, France

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AS OS GS CV PF DM. Performed the experiments: AS OS JFF SY. Analyzed the data: AS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JFF SY CM LH GJvG AJFL EB PHD PF. Wrote the paper: AS GS. Revised drafts of the paper: OS JFF GJvG AJFL PHD CV DM.