About the Authors

Maxine Caws

mcaws@hotmail.com

Affiliations Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, Churchill Hospital, Old Road, Headington, Oxford, United Kingdom

Guy Thwaites

Affiliation Centre for Molecular Microbiology and Infection, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom

Sarah Dunstan

Affiliations Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, Churchill Hospital, Old Road, Headington, Oxford, United Kingdom

Thomas R. Hawn

Affiliation University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Nguyen Thi Ngoc Lan

Affiliation Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Nguyen Thuy Thuong Thuong

Affiliations Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Kasia Stepniewska

Affiliation Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, Churchill Hospital, Old Road, Headington, Oxford, United Kingdom

Mai Nguyet Thu Huyen

Affiliation Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Nguyen Duc Bang

Affiliation Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Tran Huu Loc

Affiliation Pham Ngoc Thach Hospital for Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Sebastien Gagneux

Affiliation Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Dick van Soolingen

Affiliation Tuberculosis Reference Laboratory, National Institute for Public Health, Bilthoeven, The Netherlands

Kristin Kremer

Affiliation Tuberculosis Reference Laboratory, National Institute for Public Health, Bilthoeven, The Netherlands

Marianne van der Sande

Affiliation Tuberculosis Reference Laboratory, National Institute for Public Health, Bilthoeven, The Netherlands

Peter Small

Affiliations Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, Washington, United States of America, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Phan Thi Hoang Anh

Affiliation Pham Ngoc Thach Hospital for Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Nguyen Tran Chinh

Affiliation The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Hoang Thi Quy

Affiliation Pham Ngoc Thach Hospital for Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Nguyen Thi Hong Duyen

Affiliation Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Dau Quang Tho

Affiliation Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Nguyen T. Hieu

Affiliation Hung Vuong Obstetric Hospital, Hung Vuong Street, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Estee Torok

Affiliations Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, Churchill Hospital, Old Road, Headington, Oxford, United Kingdom

Tran Tinh Hien

Affiliation The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Nguyen Huy Dung

Affiliation Pham Ngoc Thach Hospital for Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Nguyen Thi Quynh Nhu

Affiliation Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Phan Minh Duy

Affiliation Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Nguyen van Vinh Chau

Affiliation The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Jeremy Farrar

Affiliations Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, Churchill Hospital, Old Road, Headington, Oxford, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MC GT SD TH JF. Performed the experiments: MC NT MH NB TL PA NH DT NQ PD. Analyzed the data: MC GT SD TH NT KS NB SG KK MvdS NH ET JF. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: NL MH SG DvS KK MvdS PS NTC HQ NTH TT ND NV. Wrote the paper: MC GT SD TH SG MvdS ET JF.