About the Authors

Denis R. Chopera

Affiliation Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, Division of Medical Virology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

Zenda Woodman

Affiliation Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, Division of Medical Virology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

Koleka Mlisana

Affiliation Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa, University of Kwa-Zulu Natal, Durban, South Africa

Mandla Mlotshwa

Affiliation National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Johannesburg, South Africa

Darren P. Martin

Affiliation Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, Division of Medical Virology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

Cathal Seoighe

Affiliation Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, Division of Medical Virology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

Florette Treurnicht

Affiliation Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, Division of Medical Virology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

Debra Assis de Rosa

Affiliation National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Johannesburg, South Africa

Winston Hide

Affiliation South African National Bioinformatics Institute, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa

Salim Abdool Karim

Affiliation Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa, University of Kwa-Zulu Natal, Durban, South Africa

Clive M. Gray

Affiliation National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Johannesburg, South Africa

Carolyn Williamson

carolyn.williamson@uct.ac.za

Affiliation Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, Division of Medical Virology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

and the CAPRISA 002 Study Team

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DC ZW KM SA CG CW. Performed the experiments: DC MM FT DA. Analyzed the data: DC ZW MM DM CS FT DA CG CW. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KM DM CS WH CG. Wrote the paper: DC ZW DM CS SA CG CW.