About the Authors

Emmanuelle Uro-Coste, Christelle Basset-Leobon, Marie Bernadette Delisle
INSERM U858, Institut de Médecine Moléculaire de Rangueil and Service d'Anatomie Pathologique et Histologie-Cytologie, C.H.U. Rangueil, Toulouse, France

Hervé Cassard, Séverine Lugan, Caroline Lacroux, Francois Schelcher, Olivier Andréoletti
UMR Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA)/Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Toulouse (ENVT) 1225, Interactions Hôtes Agents Pathogènes, ENVT, Toulouse, France

Stéphanie Simon, Jacques Grassi
Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique (CEA), Service de Pharmacologie et d'Immunologie, DRM, CEA/Saclay, Gif sur Yvette, France

Jean-Marc Bilheude
Bio-Rad, Research and Development Department, Marnes-la-Coquette, France

Armand Perret-Liaudet, Nathalie Streichenberger
Hôpital Neurologique, Services de Neurochimie et de Pathologie, Bron, France

James W. Ironside, Mark W. Head
National Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Surveillance Unit, Division of Pathology, University of Edinburgh, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Stéphane Haik
INSERM, Equipe Avenir, Maladies à Prions chez l'Homme, Paris, France

Stéphane Haik, Jean-Jacques Hauw
Neuropathology Laboratory, Salpêtrière Hospital, AP-HP, Paris, France

Katell Peoch'
Service de Biochimie et Biologie Moléculaire, Hôpital Lariboisière, Paris (Laboratoire associé au CNR “ATNC”) et EA 3621 Faculté de Pharmacie, Paris, France

Jan Langeveld
Central Institute for Animal Disease Control CIDC-Lelystad, Lelystad, The Netherlands

Corresponding Author

o.andreoletti@envt.fr

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: EU HC JG FS OA. Performed the experiments: EU HC SS SL CB CL KP NS OA. Analyzed the data: EU HC SS SL JB AP JI CB CL KP JL MH FS OA. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: EU HC SS JB AP JI SH KP NS JL MH JG JH MD OA. Wrote the paper: EU HC SS JB JI KP JL MH JG FS OA.