About the Authors

Markus Hilleringmann, Barbara C. Baudner, Vega Masignani, Antonello Covacci, Rino Rappuoli, Michèle A. Barocchi, Ilaria Ferlenghi
Research Center, Novartis Vaccines and Diagnostics s.r.l., Siena, Italy

Fabiola Giusti
Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Siena, Siena, Italy

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

Paid employment: All authors (except F. Giusti) are paid by Novartis Vaccines and Diagnostics s.r.l.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MH BB IF. Performed the experiments: MH FG BB IF. Analyzed the data: MH FG BB VM AC RR MB IF. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MH FG BB MB IF. Wrote the paper: MH BB MB IF. Support for the study: AC RR.