About the Authors

Markus Hilleringmann

markus.hilleringmann@novartis.com

Affiliation Research Center, Novartis Vaccines and Diagnostics s.r.l., Siena, Italy

Fabiola Giusti

Affiliation Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Siena, Siena, Italy

Barbara C. Baudner

Affiliation Research Center, Novartis Vaccines and Diagnostics s.r.l., Siena, Italy

Vega Masignani

Affiliation Research Center, Novartis Vaccines and Diagnostics s.r.l., Siena, Italy

Antonello Covacci

Affiliation Research Center, Novartis Vaccines and Diagnostics s.r.l., Siena, Italy

Rino Rappuoli

Affiliation Research Center, Novartis Vaccines and Diagnostics s.r.l., Siena, Italy

Michèle A. Barocchi

Affiliation Research Center, Novartis Vaccines and Diagnostics s.r.l., Siena, Italy

Ilaria Ferlenghi

Affiliation Research Center, Novartis Vaccines and Diagnostics s.r.l., Siena, Italy

Competing Interests

Paid employment: All authors (except F. Giusti) are paid by Novartis Vaccines and Diagnostics s.r.l.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MH BB IF. Performed the experiments: MH FG BB IF. Analyzed the data: MH FG BB VM AC RR MB IF. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MH FG BB MB IF. Wrote the paper: MH BB MB IF. Support for the study: AC RR.