About the Authors

Stephen D. Barr, James R. Smiley
Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Alberta, Alberta Institute for Viral Immunology, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Frederic D. Bushman
Department of Microbiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SDB JRS FDB. Performed the experiments: SDB. Analyzed the data: SDB JRS FDB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SDB JRS FDB. Wrote the paper: SDB JRS FDB.