About the Authors

Didier Raoult, Michel Drancourt, Saïd Azza, Claude Nappez, Jean-Marc Rolain, Bernard Campagna, Bernard La Scola, Jean-Louis Mege, Patricia Renesto
Unité des Rickettsies, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR 6020, IFR 48, Faculté de Médecine, Marseille, France

Régis Guieu, Pascal Mansuelle
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique FRE2738, Faculté de Médecine Secteur Nord, Marseille, France

Patrick Fourquet, Jean-Pierre Gorvel
Centre d'Immunologie de Marseille-Luminy, Aix Marseille Université, Faculté de Sciences de Luminy, Marseille, France

Patrick Fourquet, Jean-Pierre Gorvel
INSERM, U631, Marseille, France

Patrick Fourquet, Jean-Pierre Gorvel
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR 6102, Marseille, France

Eric Lechevalier
Service d'Urologie, Hôpital de la Conception, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Marseille, France

Yvon Berland
Service de Nephrologie, Hôpital de la Conception, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Marseille, France

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

DR and PR conceived and designed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, and wrote the paper. MD conceived and designed the experiments, analyzed the data, and contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. SA, CN, PF, BC, and PM performed the experiments. RG, JMR, EL, YB, and JPG contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. BLS and JLM analyzed the data and contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools.