About the Authors

Joppe W. R Hovius

Contributed equally to this work with: Joppe W. R Hovius, Marein A. W. P de Jong

Affiliations Center for Experimental and Molecular Medicine, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands , Center for Infection and Immunity Amsterdam (CINIMA), University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Marein A. W. P de Jong

Contributed equally to this work with: Joppe W. R Hovius, Marein A. W. P de Jong

Affiliation Department of Molecular Cell Biology & Immunology, VU Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Jeroen den Dunnen

Affiliation Department of Molecular Cell Biology & Immunology, VU Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Manja Litjens

Affiliation Department of Molecular Cell Biology & Immunology, VU Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Erol Fikrig

Affiliation Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Tom van der Poll

Affiliations Center for Experimental and Molecular Medicine, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands , Center for Infection and Immunity Amsterdam (CINIMA), University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Sonja I Gringhuis

Affiliation Department of Molecular Cell Biology & Immunology, VU Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Teunis B. H Geijtenbeek

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: T.Geijtenbeek@VUMC.nl

Affiliation Department of Molecular Cell Biology & Immunology, VU Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

JWRH and MAWPJ conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, and wrote the paper. JD and ML performed experiments. EF and TVP contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. SIG and TBHG conceived and designed the experiments, analyzed data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, and wrote the paper.