About the Authors

Jess H Leber

Affiliation Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Gregory T Crimmins

Affiliation Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Sridharan Raghavan

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Nicole P Meyer-Morse

Affiliation Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Jeffery S Cox

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Daniel A Portnoy

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: portnoy@uclink.berkeley.edu

Affiliations Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America , School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

DAP has a consulting relationship with and a financial interest in Cerus Corporation, which may benefit from commercialization of the results of this research.

Author Contributions

JHL, GTC, SR, NPMM, JSC, and DAP conceived and designed the experiments. JHL, GTC, SR, and NPMM performed the experiments. JHL, GTC, SR, NPMM, JSC, and DAP analyzed the data. JHL and DAP wrote the paper.