About the Authors

Anne Piantadosi

Contributed equally to this work with: Anne Piantadosi, Bhavna Chohan

Affiliations Division of Human Biology, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, United States of America , Department of Pathobiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Bhavna Chohan

Contributed equally to this work with: Anne Piantadosi, Bhavna Chohan

Affiliations Division of Human Biology, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, United States of America , Department of Pathobiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Vrasha Chohan

Affiliation Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya

R. Scott McClelland

Affiliations Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya , Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America , Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Julie Overbaugh

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: joverbau@fhcrc.org

Affiliations Division of Human Biology, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, United States of America , Department of Pathobiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

JO conceived and designed the experiments. AP and BC performed the experiments and analyzed the data. AP, BC, and JO wrote the paper. BC and VC oversaw the laboratory aspects of this study related to the cohort, including serving as liaison between clinical and laboratory staff. RSM oversaw clinical aspects of the cohort, including directing clinical monitoring and follow-up. JO oversaw all aspects of this research project.