About the Authors

Kerstin Baer

Affiliation Department of Medical Parasitology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America

Christian Klotz

Affiliation Department of Medical Parasitology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America

Stefan H. I Kappe

Affiliation Seattle Biomedical Research Institute, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Thomas Schnieder

Affiliation Department of Parasitology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Hannover, Hannover, Germany

Ute Frevert

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: ute.frevert@med.nyu.edu

Affiliation Department of Medical Parasitology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

KB, CK, and UF conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, and wrote the paper. SHIK contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. TS sponsored KB's dissertation.