About the Authors

Andrew E Scott

Affiliation Division of Food Sciences, University of Nottingham, Loughborough, United Kingdom

Andrew R Timms

Affiliation Division of Food Sciences, University of Nottingham, Loughborough, United Kingdom

Phillippa L Connerton

Affiliation Division of Food Sciences, University of Nottingham, Loughborough, United Kingdom

Catherine Loc Carrillo

Affiliation Division of Food Sciences, University of Nottingham, Loughborough, United Kingdom

Khairul Adzfa Radzum

Affiliation Division of Food Sciences, University of Nottingham, Loughborough, United Kingdom

Ian F Connerton

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: ian.connerton@nottingham.ac.uk

Affiliation Division of Food Sciences, University of Nottingham, Loughborough, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

AES and IFC conceived and designed the experiments, analysed the data, and wrote the paper. AES, ART, PLC, CLC, and KAR performed the experiments.