About the Authors

Paula Ristow

Affiliations Unité de Biologie des Spirochètes, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France , Instituto de Microbiologia Professor Paulo de Goes, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Pascale Bourhy

Affiliation Unité de Biologie des Spirochètes, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Flávia Weykamp da Cruz McBride

Affiliation Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Salvador, Brazil

Claudio Pereira Figueira

Affiliation Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Salvador, Brazil

Michel Huerre

Affiliation Unité de Recherche et d'Expertise Histotechnologie et Pathologie, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Patrick Ave

Affiliation Unité de Recherche et d'Expertise Histotechnologie et Pathologie, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Isabelle Saint Girons

Affiliation Unité de Biologie des Spirochètes, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Albert I Ko

Affiliations Instituto de Microbiologia Professor Paulo de Goes, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil , Division of International Medicine and Infectious Disease, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, New York, United States of America

Mathieu Picardeau

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: mpicard@pasteur.fr

Affiliation Unité de Biologie des Spirochètes, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

PR, PB, MH, ISG, AIK, and MP conceived and designed the experiments. PR, PB, FWdCM, CPF, PA, and MP performed the experiments. PR, AIK, and MP wrote the paper.