About the Authors

Olga Zaborina

Affiliation Department of Surgery, Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Francois Lepine

Affiliation Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique (INRS)–Institut Armand-Frappier, Laval, Quebec, Canada

Gaoping Xiao

Affiliation Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Vesta Valuckaite

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Yimei Chen

Affiliation Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Terry Li

Affiliation Department of Immunohistochemistry, Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Mae Ciancio

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Alex Zaborin

Affiliation Department of Surgery, Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Elaine Petroff

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Jerrold R Turner

Affiliation Department of Pathology, Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Laurence G Rahme

Affiliation Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Eugene Chang

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

John C Alverdy

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: jalverdy@surgery.bsd.uchicago.edu

Affiliation Department of Surgery, Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

OZ, TL, MC, AZ, EP, and JCA conceived and designed the experiments. OZ, FL, GX, VV, YC, TL, MC, AZ, EP, and JCA performed the experiments. OZ, FL, TL, MC, AZ, EP, JRT, LGR, and JCA analyzed the data. OZ, FL, GX, YC, EP, LGR, EC, and JCA contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. OZ, LGR, EC, and JCA wrote the paper.