About the Authors

Linh N Pham

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Marc S Dionne

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Mimi Shirasu-Hiza

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

David S Schneider

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: dschneider@stanford.edu

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

MSD conducted initial infection experiments with S. pneumoniae. LNP conceived the priming experiments and performed all experiments in the figures. LNP, MSD, MSH, and DSS wrote the paper. All authors discussed the results and commented on the manuscript.