About the Authors

Heinz Feldmann

Contributed equally to this work with: Heinz Feldmann, Steven M Jones

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: Heinz_Feldmann@phac-aspc.gc.ca (HF); Steven_Jones@phac-aspc.gc.ca (SMJ)

Affiliations Special Pathogens Program, National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada , Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Steven M Jones

Contributed equally to this work with: Heinz Feldmann, Steven M Jones

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: Heinz_Feldmann@phac-aspc.gc.ca (HF); Steven_Jones@phac-aspc.gc.ca (SMJ)

Affiliations Special Pathogens Program, National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada , Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada , Department of Immunology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Kathleen M Daddario-DiCaprio

Affiliations Virology Division, United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America , Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Joan B Geisbert

Affiliation Virology Division, United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America

Ute Ströher

Affiliations Special Pathogens Program, National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada , Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Allen Grolla

Affiliation Special Pathogens Program, National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Mike Bray

Affiliation Biodefense Clinical Research Branch, Division of Clinical Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Elizabeth A Fritz

Affiliation Virology Division, United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America

Lisa Fernando

Affiliation Special Pathogens Program, National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Friederike Feldmann

Affiliation Special Pathogens Program, National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Lisa E Hensley

Affiliation Virology Division, United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America

Thomas W Geisbert

Affiliations Virology Division, United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America , Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

HF, SMJ, US, MB, LEH, and TWG conceived and designed the experiments. HF, SMJ, KMDD, JBG, AG, EAF, LF, FF, LEH, and TWG performed the experiments. HF, SMJ, KMDD, JBG, US, AG, MB, EAF, LF, FF, LEH, and TWG analyzed the data. HF, SMJ, KMDD, JBG, US, AG, MB, EAF, LF, FF, LEH, and TWG contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. HF, SMJ, and TWG wrote the paper.